Small Satellite and Remote Sensing Application for disaster monitoring
There has been a rapid increase in emphasis on small satellites because of their low cost, short development, educational, and reasonable cost. The small satellite development began from 1980s and it changes space industry The number of countries actively participating in small satellite development has grown last years. One of the important satellite constellation is the “Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds” project. It is a constellation of students’ CubeSats. All the satellites are identical with a size of 10cmx10cmx10cm. To have very first Mazaalai satellite it is great opportunity to enter space related research on international operation of small satellite constellation and ground station network for Mongolian space scientists. International network and collaboration was developed among universities in different countries through the BIRDS project. All countries which involved in BIRDS project meet different kind of natural disasters such as flood, tsunami, snow-ZUD, sand storm, earthquake, and water issues. Environment protection is very important and disaster monitoring constellation is essential for BIRDS county members. Remote sensing satellites can provide valuable inputs on prediction and assessment for disaster monitoring and its trend. Small satellite constellations can rapidly respond to customers, who need a reliable source of remote sensing imagery. Their small size results in small surface areas but can rapidly response for customization need for each country according their geographical location. For BIRDS constellation satellites overall structure of systematic design processes are common, each application may require some customization for participating country. Specific application for Earth observation data in each member country can be considered. Data can be used flood monitoring land cover and land use change, forestry, hydrology and agriculture. Future BIRDS satellites can provide rapid response disaster monitoring and mitigation. This paper discusses how Remote sensing data form small satellites is important for disaster monitoring and environmental protection.
Tsolmon Renchin holds a Ph.D. degree in Environmental Science and Remote Sensing from Chiba University in Japan . Prior degrees were earned at the National University of Mongolia (M.S.) and the University of Irkutsk (B.S.) in Russia. She has done her postdoctoral research at Pennsylvania State University and NASA, Greenbelt, Maryland, U.S.A, University of Vienna, Austria and University of Sydney. Currently she is a Professor at the National University of Mongolia and head of the NUM-ITC-UNESCO Remote Sensing and Space Science laboratory. Her research interests include Development Small Satellite, Application of Remote Sensing and GIS to environment, Astronomy and Astrophysics. She is National Contact person of Global University Space Engineering Consortium (UNISEC –Global) and National Contact of International Astronomical Union (IAU). She served as the leader for the first Mongolian satellite project BIRDS –MONGOLIA .